All hadoop commands are invoked by the bin/hadoop script. Running the hadoop script without any arguments prints the description for all commands.

Usage: hadoop [--config confdir] [COMMAND] [GENERIC_OPTIONS] [COMMAND_OPTIONS]

Hadoop has an option parsing framework that employs parsing generic options as well as running classes.

--config confdir Overwrites the default Configuration directory. Default is $HADOOP_HOME/conf.
GENERIC_OPTIONS COMMAND_OPTIONS The common set of options supported by multiple commands. Various commands with their options are described in the following sections. The commands have been grouped into User Commands and Administration Commands.

Generic Options

The following options are supported by dfsadmin, fs, fsck, job and fetchdt. Applications should implement Tool to support GenericOptions.

-conf <configuration file> Specify an application configuration file.
-D <property>=<value> Use value for given property.
-jt <local> or <jobtracker:port> Specify a job tracker. Applies only to job.
-files <comma separated list of files> Specify comma separated files to be copied to the map reduce cluster. Applies only to job.
-libjars <comma seperated list of jars> Specify comma separated jar files to include in the classpath. Applies only to job.
-archives <comma separated list of archives> Specify comma separated archives to be unarchived on the compute machines. Applies only to job.

User Commands

Commands useful for users of a hadoop cluster.


Creates a hadoop archive. More information can be found at Hadoop Archives.

Usage: hadoop archive -archiveName NAME <src>* <dest>

-archiveName NAME Name of the archive to be created.
src Filesystem pathnames which work as usual with regular expressions.
dest Destination directory which would contain the archive.


Command to manage credentials, passwords and secrets within credential providers.

The CredentialProvider API in Hadoop allows for the separation of applications and how they store their required passwords/secrets. In order to indicate a particular provider type and location, the user must provide the hadoop.security.credential.provider.path configuration element in core-site.xml or use the command line option -provider on each of the following commands. This provider path is a comma-separated list of URLs that indicates the type and location of a list of providers that should be consulted. For example, the following path:


indicates that the current user's credentials file should be consulted through the User Provider, that the local file located at /tmp/test.jceks is a Java Keystore Provider and that the file located within HDFS at nn1.example.com/my/path/test.jceks is also a store for a Java Keystore Provider.

When utilizing the credential command it will often be for provisioning a password or secret to a particular credential store provider. In order to explicitly indicate which provider store to use the -provider option should be used. Otherwise, given a path of multiple providers, the first non-transient provider will be used. This may or may not be the one that you intended.

Example: -provider jceks://file/tmp/test.jceks

Usage: hadoop credential <subcommand> [options]

create alias [-v value][-provider provider-path] Prompts the user for a credential to be stored as the given alias when a value is not provided via -v. The hadoop.security.credential.provider.path within the core-site.xml file will be used unless a -provider is indicated.
delete alias [-i][-provider provider-path] Deletes the credential with the provided alias and optionally warns the user when --interactive is used. The hadoop.security.credential.provider.path within the core-site.xml file will be used unless a -provider is indicated.
list [-provider provider-path] Lists all of the credential aliases The hadoop.security.credential.provider.path within the core-site.xml file will be used unless a -provider is indicated.


Copy file or directories recursively. More information can be found at Hadoop DistCp Guide.

Usage: hadoop distcp <srcurl> <desturl>

srcurl Source Url
desturl Destination Url


Deprecated, use hdfs dfs instead.


Deprecated, use hdfs fsck instead.


Deprecated, use hdfs fetchdt instead.


Runs a jar file. Users can bundle their Map Reduce code in a jar file and execute it using this command.

Usage: hadoop jar <jar> [mainClass] args...

The streaming jobs are run via this command. Examples can be referred from Streaming examples

Word count example is also run using jar command. It can be referred from Wordcount example


Command to interact with Map Reduce Jobs.

Usage: hadoop job [GENERIC_OPTIONS] [-submit <job-file>] | [-status <job-id>] | [-counter <job-id> <group-name> <counter-name>] | [-kill <job-id>] | [-events <job-id> <from-event-#> <#-of-events>] | [-history [all] <jobOutputDir>] | [-list [all]] | [-kill-task <task-id>] | [-fail-task <task-id>] | [-set-priority <job-id> <priority>]

-submit job-file Submits the job.
-status job-id Prints the map and reduce completion percentage and all job counters.
-counter job-id group-name counter-name Prints the counter value.
-kill job-id Kills the job.
-events job-id from-event-# #-of-events Prints the events' details received by jobtracker for the given range.
-history [all]jobOutputDir Prints job details, failed and killed tip details. More details about the job such as successful tasks and task attempts made for each task can be viewed by specifying the [all] option.
-list [all] Displays jobs which are yet to complete. -list all displays all jobs.
-kill-task task-id Kills the task. Killed tasks are NOT counted against failed attempts.
-fail-task task-id Fails the task. Failed tasks are counted against failed attempts.
-set-priority job-id priority Changes the priority of the job. Allowed priority values are VERY_HIGH, HIGH, NORMAL, LOW, VERY_LOW


Runs a pipes job.

Usage: hadoop pipes [-conf <path>] [-jobconf <key=value>, <key=value>, ...] [-input <path>] [-output <path>] [-jar <jar file>] [-inputformat <class>] [-map <class>] [-partitioner <class>] [-reduce <class>] [-writer <class>] [-program <executable>] [-reduces <num>]

-conf path Configuration for job
-jobconf key=value, key=value, ... Add/override configuration for job
-input path Input directory
-output path Output directory
-jar jar file Jar filename
-inputformat class InputFormat class
-map class Java Map class
-partitioner class Java Partitioner
-reduce class Java Reduce class
-writer class Java RecordWriter
-program executable Executable URI
-reduces num Number of reduces


command to interact and view Job Queue information

Usage: hadoop queue [-list] | [-info <job-queue-name> [-showJobs]] | [-showacls]

-list Gets list of Job Queues configured in the system. Along with scheduling information associated with the job queues.
-info job-queue-name [-showJobs] Displays the job queue information and associated scheduling information of particular job queue. If -showJobs options is present a list of jobs submitted to the particular job queue is displayed.
-showacls Displays the queue name and associated queue operations allowed for the current user. The list consists of only those queues to which the user has access.


Prints the version.

Usage: hadoop version


hadoop script can be used to invoke any class.

Usage: hadoop CLASSNAME

Runs the class named CLASSNAME.


Prints the class path needed to get the Hadoop jar and the required libraries.

Usage: hadoop classpath

Administration Commands

Commands useful for administrators of a hadoop cluster.


Deprecated, use hdfs balancer instead.


Get/Set the log level for each daemon.

Usage: hadoop daemonlog -getlevel <host:port> <name> Usage: hadoop daemonlog -setlevel <host:port> <name> <level>

-getlevel host:port name Prints the log level of the daemon running at host:port. This command internally connects to http://host:port/logLevel?log=name
-setlevel host:port name level Sets the log level of the daemon running at host:port. This command internally connects to http://host:port/logLevel?log=name


Deprecated, use hdfs datanode instead.


Deprecated, use hdfs dfsadmin instead.


Runs MR admin client

Usage: hadoop mradmin [ GENERIC_OPTIONS ] [-refreshQueueAcls]

-refreshQueueAcls Refresh the queue acls used by hadoop, to check access during submissions and administration of the job by the user. The properties present in mapred-queue-acls.xml is reloaded by the queue manager.


Runs the MapReduce job Tracker node.

Usage: hadoop jobtracker [-dumpConfiguration]

-dumpConfiguration Dumps the configuration used by the JobTracker alongwith queue configuration in JSON format into Standard output used by the jobtracker and exits.


Deprecated, use hdfs namenode instead.


Deprecated, use hdfs secondarynamenode instead.


Runs a MapReduce task Tracker node.

Usage: hadoop tasktracker